Las 10 preguntas más difíciles de una entrevista de trabajo y las mejores respuestas para contestarlas.

Recibe ya mismo la Guía Gratuita "Cómo Migrar a Canadá"

Hace unos días, una lectora de nombre Silvia me envió por el enlace a la nota de “Ten Tough Interview Questions and Ten Great Answers”.

Quería compartirlas con ustedes por que si hay algo que nunca está de más es saber las preguntas y respuestas para una entrevista de trabajo.

  • Tell me about yourself. It seems like an easy interview question. Its open ended. I can talk about whatever I want from the birth canal forward. Right?Wrong. What the hiring manager really wants is a quick, two- to three-minute snapshot of who you are and why youre the best candidate for this position.So as you answer this question, talk about what youve done to prepare yourself to be the very best candidate for the position. Use an example or two to back it up. Then ask if they would like more details. If they do, keep giving them example after example of your background and experience. Always point back to an example when you have the opportunity.Tell me about yourself does not mean tell me everything. Just tell me what makes you the best.
  • Why should I hire you? The easy answer is that you are the best person for the job. And dont be afraid to say so. But then back it up with what specifically differentiates you.For example: You should hire me because Im the best person for the job. I realize that there are likely other candidates who also have the ability to do this job. Yet I bring an additional quality that makes me the best person for the job–my passion for excellence. I am passionately committed to producing truly world class results. For example . . .Are you the best person for the job? Show it by your passionate examples.
  • What is your long-range objective? Make my job easy for me. Make me want to hire you.The key is to focus on your achievable objectives and what you are doing to reach those objectives.For example: Within five years, I would like to become the very best accountant your company has on staff. I want to work toward becoming the expert that others rely upon. And in doing so, I feel Ill be fully prepared to take on any greater responsibilities which might be presented in the long term. For example, here is what Im presently doing to prepare myself . . .Then go on to show by your examples what you are doing to reach your goals and objectives.
  • How has your education prepared you for your career? This is a broad question and you need to focus on the behavioral examples in your educational background which specifically align to the required competencies for the career.An example: My education has focused on not only the learning the fundamentals, but also on the practical application of the information learned within those classes. For example, I played a lead role in a class project where we gathered and analyzed best practice data from this industry. Let me tell you more about the results . . .Focus on behavioral examples supporting the key competencies for the career. Then ask if they would like to hear more examples. 
  • Are you a team player? Almost everyone says yes to this question. But it is not just a yes/no question. You need to provide behavioral examples to back up your answer.A sample answer: Yes, Im very much a team player. In fact, Ive had opportunities in my work, school and athletics to develop my skills as a team player. For example, on a recent project . . .Emphasize teamwork behavioral examples and focus on your openness to diversity of backgrounds. Talk about the strength of the team above the individual. And note that this question may be used as a lead in to questions around how you handle conflict within a team, so be prepared.
  • Have you ever had a conflict with a boss or professor? How was it resolved? Note that if you say no, most interviewers will keep drilling deeper to find a conflict. The key is how you behaviorally reacted to conflict and what you did to resolve it.For example: Yes, I have had conflicts in the past. Never major ones, but there have been disagreements that needed to be resolved. I’ve found that when conflict occurs, it helps to fully understand the other persons perspective, so I take time to listen to their point of view, then I seek to work out a collaborative solution. For example . . .Focus your answer on the behavioral process for resolving the conflict and working collaboratively.
  • What is your greatest weakness? Most career books tell you to select a strength and present it as a weakness. Such as: I work too much. I just work and work and work. Wrong. First of all, using a strength and presenting it as a weakness is deceiving. Second, it misses the point of the question.You should select a weakness that you have been actively working to overcome. For example: I have had trouble in the past with planning and prioritization. However, Im now taking steps to correct this. I just started using a pocket planner . . . then show them your planner and how you are using it.Talk about a true weakness and show what you are doing to overcome it.
  • If I were to ask your professors to describe you, what would they say? This is a threat of reference check question. Do not wait for the interview to know the answer. Ask any prior bosses or professors in advance. And if they’re willing to provide a positive reference, ask them for a letter of recommendation.Then you can answer the question like this:I believe she would say I’m a very energetic person, that Im results oriented and one of the best people she has ever worked with. Actually, I know she would say that, because those are her very words. May I show you her letter of recommendation?So be prepared in advance with your letters of recommendation.
  • What qualities do you feel a successful manager should have? Focus on two words: leadership and vision.Here is a sample of how to respond: The key quality in a successful manager should be leadership–the ability to be the visionary for the people who are working under them. The person who can set the course and direction for subordinates. The highest calling of a true leader is inspiring others to reach the highest of their abilities. I’d like to tell you about a person whom I consider to be a true leader . . .Then give an example of someone who has touched your life and how their impact has helped in your personal development.
  • If you had to live your life over again, what one thing would you change? Focus on a key turning point in your life or missed opportunity. Yet also tie it forward to what you are doing to still seek to make that change.For example: Although I’m overall very happy with where I’m at in my life, the one aspect I likely would have changed would be focusing earlier on my chosen career. I had a great internship this past year and look forward to more experience in the field. I simply wish I would have focused here earlier. For example, I learned on my recent internship… …then provide examples.Stay focused on positive direction in your life and back it up with examples.

Creo que hay una multitud de datos y buenos ejemplos en esta nota que pueden utilizar. Muchas Gracias Silvia!

¿Qué les pareció la nota? ¿Agregarían algo? ¿Qué otros consejos tienen?

Fuente: “Ten Tough Interview Questions and Ten Great Answers”

Recibe ya mismo la Guía Gratuita "Cómo Migrar a Canadá"

Author: Guillermo Ziegler
Guillermo Ziegler es Director de Ziegler Immigration Coaching Inc. y Consultor Reglamentado de Inmigración Canadiense con Licencia R509846 del ICCRC (Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council).


  • A mi me gusta leer este tipo de notas porque, aun hoy despues de varios anios de estar aca y de haber pasado varias entrevistas, me ayudan a saber donde estoy parado y como responder.

    Ademas, y aca esta el tip para todos los que estan en el proceso de buscar trabajo: Las reglas de reclutamiento y las preguntas de las entrevistas cambian con los anios. O sea, las preguntas que me hacian alla por el 2002/2003 no son las mismas que me hicieron este anio. Por eso es importante estar siempre actualizado en como es el proceso de reclutamiento.

  • Eduardo

    Interesante es el mismo tipo de preguntas que yo haria en una entrevista pero los resultados son muy diferentes, como cambian las respuestas de cultura a cultura,

    No le tengo miedo a una entrevista de trabajo en Canada, en lo que si me siento un poco inseguro es en que credenciales presentar a la hora de comprobar mi experiencia ahi si estoy mal ya que todos mis estudios se quedan en mi pais siento yo y tendre que empesar de nuevo con muchas cosas pero bueno es parte de la aventura ya me subi al barco asi que a remar lo mas duro que se pueda


    • Yo diría que no te preocupes tanto por los estudios, sino por poder comprobar tu experiencia laboral. Logros demostrables y buenas referencias son la clave.

  • Eduardo

    Grande !!! Guillermo, vos siempre nos das esperanzas, tengo ademas unos cuantos curso y diplomados esos papelitos de colores como vos les llamas, creo que me voy a concentrar en hacer enfacis en estos y en las cartas de recomendacion y los logros, si me has dejado con la inquietud de el “dream job” quiesiera darle un giro a mi carrera cuando este alla, aqui es muy dificil hacer esos cambios, te limitas bastante una ves que escojiste una profesion


    • Juan Diego

      No, no, no. Creo que lo que Guillermo quiere decir es que no debes apoyarte tanto en los “papelitos”. Aquí es muy diferente de la cultura colombiana, por ejemplo. En Colombia, entre más papeles, sos mejor. Aquí no le paran bolas a eso.

      Qué sabes hacer, cuándo lo has hecho, demuéstramelo! Muéstrame que has hecho y sabes hacer eso que necesito que hagas para mí.

      Anécdota corta para reforzar: Trabajo hace casi 4 años en McGill. Me pidieron mi título un par de días después de haber empezado! (sólo para soportar mi expediente recién abierto)

  • Eduardo

    te cuento que ya he mandado mi cv a algunas empresas en Canada y para mi sorpresa me han escrito de vuelta muy “polite” mente me explican que ellos no contratan abroad pero que cuando este en canada no dude en llamarles para hacer una cita otra compañia se tomo la molestia de llamarme por telefono y hacerme unas cuantas preguntas ya te imaginaras lo nervioso que me puse pues no me lo esperaba, me hicieron varias preguntas y me dijeron que me llamarian otro dia, eso quiere decir que algo estoy haciendo bien pero bueno tengo que ir afinando la punteria desde aqui sigo esperando que me escriba confirmando la recepcion de mis documentos


  • Excelente y además inspirador, Guillermo, incluso para mí que todavía no estoy allá, pero estoy pensando seriamente en irme a aprovechar una oportunidad allá. Muy buenos consejos, creo que debo apurarme en estos temas y pedir las cartas de recomendación de mis antiguos empleadores y de mis profes.

    Gracias, y sigan por favor ayudando a los nuevos que se emprederán en esta nueva aventura.

  • Gerard

    Creo que este artículo me habría servido para la entrevista de hoy. Ni modo. Ningún error es una pérdida de tiempo, si se aprende algo de él.

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